A father and daughter leaning on their elbows

Fertility Facts

Did you know?

1 in 6 couples need medical help to achieve a pregnancy at some point in their lives.
As a rule of thumb 40% of fertility is a female issue, 40% is a male issue and 20% combined issues.
Fertility rates decline with increasing age of the female partner.
Routine sperm analysis looks at the number, motility (forward progression) and morphology (shape/structure) of sperm.
Modern diets, pollution, smoking, etc., can cause oxidative stress, which can lead to DNA fragmentation, which reduces fertility and may be responsible for early pregnancy loss. DNA fragmentation can be prevented by Condensyl.
DNA decondensation is when the DNA in the sperm head is unravelled. This can be caused by antioxidant supplements such as Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium and CoQ10. DNA decondensation is irreversible.
Normal sperm production occurs at a temperature just below normal body temperature, which is why the testes are in the scrotum, just outside the body. This is why advice is sometimes given to men to wear loose under-garments and to consider their lifestyle (long-distance lorry drivers for example!).
The presence of a varicocele (a varicose vein in the scrotum) can be responsible for reduced sperm function as it raises the temperature.
Sperm takes about 3 months to develop and mature. The sperm ejaculated today, started its journey about 3 months ago.
Routine semen analysis tells you nothing about the quality or structure of the DNA in the sperm, which can impact whether pregnancy occurs or whether it lasts.